What is the speed of gravity? Is the speed of gravity greater than c?.
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Is spacetime continent of matter? Or is relational property of matter? The author presents his thesis that spacetime is really the geometric structural property of matter in motion.
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Does gravitational wave propagate in spacetime? If the gravity wave are perturbations of spacetime itself then the gravity wave will propagate out the same, in 5 dimensions.
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Does the electromagnetic and gravitational waves interact with the vacuum? Relativity and quantum physics say no, thus the photon and the graviton traveling at the speed c. But if the vacuum is filled with fields of all kinds free of their sources, therefore, with particles like the virtual photon and graviton, then the real particles as the photon and graviton must interact with the vacuum, according to the amount of its energy, which represents its inertial mass.
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Is gravity a geometric force, result of the deviation from geodesic motion? How can a geometric force accelerate bodies in rest? These are the conclusions from the principle of equivalence between inertial and gravitational masses induced by simple arithmetic simplification to remove the mass and material force and so poorly explained gravity as the effect of the curvature of spacetime. One thing is an arithmetic result and other an ontological result. Although arithmetically the gravity appears as geometrical effect, gravity truly is ontologically the effect of a material force.
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With the discovery of the soliton has emerged replace the wave-particle by just the wave. Stefano Gusman and Alfonso
Guillen speak on this subject.
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The speed of gravity at the Sun-Moon-Earth tends to infinity according to the tides that cause the Sun and Moon on Earth.
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The speed of gravity tends to infinity in the solar system according to the astronomy of position.
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The speed of gravity is at least 20 billion c as measured by the scientist Dr. Tom Van Flandern.
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In Princeton, a laser beam reached the speed of 310 c.
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In 1969 the author formulates the existence of speeds greater than c, one of them being the speed of gravity, based on foundations of quantum gravity presented by M. Vasiliev, K. Staniukovich and A. Saharov.
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According to the numerous experiments of OPERA, the neutrinos have superluminary speed. Probably because in vacuum neutrinos travel with little interaction while the photons with a great interaction, since, neutrinos are subject to the little weak interaction, while photons to the hearty static electromagnetic interaction. Neutrinos escape from black holes, by their kinetic energy. Neutrinos pass beyond the barriers of electric potential or gravitational potential, particularly of an event horizon of a black hole, by Newtonian mechanics, because its kinetic energy is greater than the potential energy of the barrier. In Einstein Relativity is not possible superluminary speeds.
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The Relativistic Mechanics says that the motion is relative. But, as vacuum is the frameof the motion of the bodies, the motion really is absolute, since an observer, inside an inertial system, fully insulated from the outside, may determine whether his system is in motion and measure its speed, in absolute terms, by generate inside his system, two orthogonal electromagnetic waves, to detect the Doppler effect. In its absence he proves that the system is in absolute rest. This Doppler does not exists in the nature because the source of the wave, in the address of the motion, remains in rest with relation to the observer. However, as the system may be moving, the Doppler it can induce by the use of a Decelerator of Photons that allows the system travels with a speed greater than speed of the wave. The wave inside the Decelerator, in each cycle, before that the wave reaches at a wavelength, the system moves a greater distance in the vacuum and it furthermore occurs the combined effect of the speeds of the system and the wave. On the observer, these waves cause a induced Doppler
Published by International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences
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In 1907, Albert Einstein established as a guiding principle of general relativity, equivalence between acceleration and gravity which obtained from the equivalence between inertial and gravitational mass. This principle has been widely discussed and its validity restricted to an infinitesimal lapse, that is considered in the absence of gravity, ie paradoxically without mass and, therefore, curvature. However, it is critical to get the Einstein equations of curvature equivalent to accelerated space, so Einstein defended this principle throughout his life, an issue that Einsteinian relativists have continued. In this essay, the author goes beyond all previous considerations against this principle and demonstrates by a thought experiment that such equivalence is false.
Published by Journal of Advances in Physics
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However that from the formulation of general relativity it has a scientific theory of gravity, due to its strong link with spacetime, as it is only defined operationally, as before happened in the physics of Newton with it , gravity and other variables, it lacks of a physical concept on it. Therefore, the philosophy of science via theories of relationalism and substantivalism define spacetime . As to relationism spacetime is nothing, only is valid the definition of substantialism, that preserves Newtonian tradition by consGravity definetely is not a phenomenon of spacetime, but a quantum phenomenon.ider it an immaterial substance, a metaphysical object. Then metaphysics via super- substatialism reduces everything to spacetime and, of course , matter is nothing . But this theory is rigorously exact with the Einstein's vision of the world, since he geometrizes physics.
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Current relativistic paradigm, since its origin, presents a anomaly structural and two internal anomalies, from special relativity concerning to metaphysical spacetime and from general relativity concerning to gravity as curvature of metaphysical spacetime.
Published by Journal of Modern Physics
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Gravity definitely is not a phenomenon of spacetime, but a quantum phenomenon.
Published by Journal of Avances in Physics
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Robert Shuler of NASA, Alfonso Guillen, Professors Antonio Alfonso-Faus, Stam Nicolis, Norbert Straumann, Charles Francis, and Erkki Brandas intervene
The principle strong of equivalence (EEP) is valid where there is no curvature (Einstein). Where there is curvature is impossible of eliminate it therefore EEP is not apply (Logunov). And where there is no curvature EEP is false (author).
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The theories of the special relativity and general relativity, as the theory of Galilee-Newton, also the predecessor theories, reduce motion elements to mobile and spacetime. In this paper, we present the medium as the third motion element and we analize its consequences in the theory of spacetime.
Contributed to MG14-ICRA Rome, University "La Sapienza" - Fourteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting, July 12-18, 2015
Published by International Journal of Modern Physics and Applications. Vol. 1, No. 5. December 20, 2015
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It is believed that General Relativity is a theory of gravity unlike gravity of Newton considered as his equations but The current consensus is that Einstein's gravity is also the Einstein-Grossmann equations. Therefore, truly it lacks of a gravity theory.
Contributed to MG14-ICRA Rome, University "La Sapienza" - Fourteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting, July 12-18, 2015
Published by Journal of Advances in Physics. Vol. 11, No. 3. November 26, 2015
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In Rome, in July 2015, MG14-ICRA, the astrophysicists Eduard Mychelkin and Maxim Makukov, of the Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute of the Republic of Kazakhstan, presented their remarkable reflection on the superluminal neutrino due its invariance helicity.
Published by Journal of Applied Physical Science International. ISSN No. : 2395-5260 (Print), 2395-5279
(Online), Vol.: 6, Issue.: 3, March 25, 2016
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On February 11, 2016, the LIGO Scientific Collaboration announced that they had first detection, occurred on September 14,15 at 5:51 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (09:51 UTC), of gravitational waves from a pair of merging black holes, by both of the twin laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. They say that are waves of the fabric of spacetime, therefore, interpreting them according to Substantivalism, one conventional philosophical conception in dispute with Relationalism. Those waves detected by LIGO truly are quadru-polar transverse mechanical quantum waves of quantum vacuum.
Accepted by Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) 27 May 2016
Accepted by Wulfenia Journal 2 June 2016
Accepted by Jokull Journal 8 September 2016
The quantum vacuum is a invisible bosonic medium, elastic, gifted of inertia, subject to the superposition principle of Bose-Einstein, a viscous fluid that permeates totally the universe. The quantum vacuum is the main form of the existence of the matter, therefore, that gravitationally it interacts with itself and with all other forms. Probably, with a equivalent of 26.8% of dark matter and 68% of dark energy of the total mass-energy of the universe. The quantum vacuum is the source of dark matter and dark enegy.
Presented in Fifteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting - MG15, University of Rome "La Sapienza" - Rome, July 1-7, 2018
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Equivalence principle is generalized to extend gravity.
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. Absolute motion from dynamics
Both the mechanic of Newton and Einstein arise of the relativity principle derived of the kinematic of the geometric motion, which in Newton apply to the inertial motion while in Einstein to any motion. The relative geometric motion is the change of coordinates of points in a mathematical spacetime between reference frames; therefore it lacks of physical reality and is illusory. Of other hand, studied by the dynamic, the true motion embraces mass, momentum, kinetic energy and force of material particles and bodies. It is the real motion. The changes of energy, which it produces, enable stablish the absolute motion without need of a preferred frame. In this work we present a general equation of the speed in the absolute motion.
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. The inconsistent Equivalence Principle
The equivalence principle between the gravitational motion and the inertial motion is false because a particle or body successively in two any contiguous points while in a gravitational frame they have different kinetic energy, instead they always have equal kinetic energy in an inertial frame.
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Based on the Russian school of Logunov and others, with the contribution of Tom van Flandern, and his previous works on space-time, gravitational waves and speed of the gravity, the author discusses the theory of the time-space fluid that results from the supposed gravitational waves that would have detected LIGO, and reaffirms the space-time as a structural geometric property of the dynamic matter (radiation, matter and quantum vacuum), now with the strong argument that without escape, in an unnatural way, the physicists and philosophers of science confer the conception of the author to that ridiculous material-space-time, while depriving Matter, of the intrinsic space-time. In addition, he warns about the conceptual contradiction existing between NASA and Caltech over gravitational waves, being absurd the concept of Caltech, operator of LIGO, since gravitational waves would propagate in five non-detectable dimensions. NASA valiant and validly recognizes that they would be waves of space; therefore, there are no space-time waves that correspond to gravitational waves that, according to the great current of relativistic physicists, would exist. Finally, the author reaffirms that the quadrupole waves detected by LIGO are waves of the quantum vacuum.
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We present a proposal, alternative to the curved spacetime of Einstein, which we replaced by the curved quantum vacuum, caused by its gravitational interaction with the masses of the stars, as the source of Newtonian anomalies of celestial mechanics, restoring gravity as one of the fundamental forces of nature.
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The relativistic theory of gravitation beyond general relativity
The “Relativistic theory of gravitation” is a gauge theory, compatible with the theories of quantum physics of the electromagnetic, weak and strong forces, which defines gravity as the fourth force existing in nature, as a static field equipped with the transmitter particles of the virtual gravitons of spins 2 and 0, within the spirit of Galilei's principle of relativity, in his generalization of Poincaré's Special Relativity that allowed the authors to universalize that the physical laws of nature are complied with regardless of the frames of reference where they apply, integrated into the Grossmann-Einstein Entwurf theory, in its further development, by those authors, therefore, this theory preserves the conservation laws of energy-impulse and angular impulse of the gravitational field jointly to the other material fields existing in nature, in the Riemann's effective spacetime, through its identity with Minkowski's pseudo Euclidean spacetime.
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Logunov and Mestvirishvil disprove general theory of relativity
The mathematicians and physicists A. Logunov and M. Mestvirishvil of A. Einstein's "general relativity", from the relativistic theory of gravitation of these authors, who applying the fundamental principle of the science of physics of the conservation of the energy-momentum and using absolute differential calculus they rigorously perform their mathematical tests. It is conclusively shown that, from the Einstein-Grossman-Hilbert equations, gravity is absurdly a metric field devoid of physical reality unlike all other fields in nature that are material fields, interrupting the chain of transformations between the different existing fields. Also, in Einstein's theory the proved "inertial mass" equal to gravitational mass has no physical meaning. Therefore, "general relativity" does not obey the correspondence principle with Newton's gravity.
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It resolves the theoretical contradiction between General Relativity that defines the gravitational field as a geometric aspect of spacetime, either as potential or curvature, and Quantum Gravity that defines it as a fundamental force of interaction, with the change in the conception of spacetime of structural geometric property from the gravitational field, to the conception of spacetime structural geometric property of matter in motion.
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The author presents the history of gravitational waves according to Einstein, linking it to his biography and his time in order to understand it in his connection with the history of the Semites, the personality of Einstein in the handling of his conflict-generating circumstances in his relationships competition with his colleagues and in the formulation of the so-called general theory of relativity. We will fall back on the vicissitudes that Einstein experienced in the transition from his scientific work to normal science as a pillar of theoretical physics. We will deal with how Einstein introduced the relativistic ether, conferring an "odor of materiality" to his geometric explanation of gravity, where undoubtedly it does not fit, but that he had to give in to the pressure that was justified by his most renowned colleagues, led by Lorentz. Einstein had to do it to stay in the queue that would lead him to the Nobel. It was thus, as developing the relativistic ether thread, in June 1916, he introduced the gravitational waves of which, in an act of personal liberation and scientific honesty, when he could, in 1938, he demonstrated how they could not exist, within the scenario of his relativity, to immediately also put an end to the relativistic ether.
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From the geometric formulation of gravity, according to the Einstein-Grosmann-Hilbert equations, of November 1915, as the geodesic movement in the semirimennian manifold of positive curvature, spacetime, where due to absence of symmetries, the conservation of energy-impulse is not possible taking together the material processes and that of the gravitational geometric field, however, given those symmetries in the flat Minkowski spacetime, using the De Sitter model, Einstein linearizing gravitation, of course, really in the absence of gravity, in 1916, purged of some mathematical errors in 1918, he introduced "gravitational waves" as disturbances in the curvature of space, and in the absence of knowing physically what spacetime is and philosophically in dispute, that previously in 1936 and definitively in 1937, Einstein showed they did not exist. It was through the works arising from the dynamics of academic discourse, from the perspective not of Einstein but of Weyl, that Bondi, Pirani, Robinson and Trautman, in the 1950s, after Einstein's death, "gravitational waves" were reintroduced and led to experimental search. In 2002, from Sergei Kopeikin's VLBI experiment, its supposed speed was established, without obtaining unanimous recognition from the community of scientists but rather dividing them. And it was in February 2016 that the aLIGO-aVirgo collaboration announced that they had detected them for the first time. In this work, the history that led to this supposed discovery is presented and it is stated that the waves detected are really from the quantum vacuum in which everything that exists is immersed, the author's thesis exposed immediately in response to that 2016 announcement.
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