What is the speed of gravity? Is the speed of gravity greater than c?.

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Is spacetime continent of matter? Or is relational property of matter? The author presents his thesis that spacetime

is really the geometric structural property of matter in motion.

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This work was presented in Kazan University of Kazan, Tatarstan Republic, Russian Federation

Does gravitational wave propagate in spacetime? If the gravity wave are perturbations of spacetime itself then the gravity wave will propagate out the same, in 5 dimensions.

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Does the electromagnetic and gravitational waves interact with the vacuum? Relativity and quantum physics say no, thus

the photon and the graviton traveling at the speed c. But if the vacuum is filled with fields of all kinds free of their

sources, therefore, with particles like the virtual photon and graviton, then the real particles as the photon and graviton

must interact with the vacuum, according to the amount of its energy, which represents its inertial mass.

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Is gravity a geometric force, result of the deviation from geodesic motion? How can a geometric force accelerate bodies in

rest? These are the conclusions from the principle of equivalence between inertial and gravitational masses

induced by simple arithmetic simplification to remove the mass and material force and so poorly explained gravity as the

effect of the curvature of spacetime. One thing is an arithmetic result and other an ontological result. Although arithmetically

the gravity appears as geometrical effect, gravity truly is ontologically the effect of a material force.

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- On graviton and wave-particle duality by Stefano Gusman and Alfonso Guillen

With the discovery of the soliton has emerged replace the wave-particle by just the wave. Stefano Gusman and Alfonso

Guillen speak on this subject.

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The speed of gravity at the Sun-Moon-Earth tends to infinity according to the tides that cause the Sun and Moon on Earth.

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The speed of gravity tends to infinity in the solar system according to the astronomy of position.

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The speed of gravity is at least 20 billion c as measured by the scientist Dr. Tom Van Flandern.

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In Princeton, a laser beam reached the speed of 310 c.

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In 1969 the author formulates the existence of speeds greater than c, one of them being the speed of gravity, based on

foundations of quantum gravity presented by M. Vasiliev, K. Staniukovich and A. Saharov.

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According to the numerous experiments of OPERA, the neutrinos have superluminary speed. Probably because in vacuum

neutrinos travel with little interaction while the photons with a great interaction, since, neutrinos are subject to the little weak

interaction, while photons to the hearty static electromagnetic interaction. Neutrinos escape from black holes, by their

kinetic energy. Neutrinos pass beyond the barriers of electric potential or gravitational potential, particularly of an event

horizon of a black hole, by Newtonian mechanics, because its kinetic energy is greater than the potential energy of the

barrier. In Einstein Relativity is not possible superluminary speeds.

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The Relativistic Mechanics says that the motion is relative. But, as vacuum is the frameof the motion of the bodies, the motion really is absolute, since an observer, inside an inertial system, fully insulated from the outside, may determine whether his system is in motion and measure its speed, in absolute terms, by generate inside his system, two orthogonal electromagnetic waves, to detect the Doppler effect. In its absence he proves that the system is in absolute rest. This Doppler does not exists in the nature because the source of the wave, in the address of the motion, remains in rest with relation to the observer. However, as the system may be moving, the Doppler it can induce by the use of a Decelerator of Photons that allows the system travels with a speed greater than speed of the wave. The wave inside the Decelerator, in each cycle, before that the wave reaches at a wavelength, the system moves a greater distance in the vacuum and it furthermore occurs the combined effect of the speeds of the system and the wave. On the observer, these waves cause a induced Doppler

Published by International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences

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This work was presented in Charles University of Prague, Czech Republic

In 1907, Albert Einstein established as a guiding principle of general relativity, equivalence between acceleration and gravity which obtained from the equivalence between inertial and gravitational mass. This principle has been widely discussed and its validity restricted to an infinitesimal lapse, that is considered in the absence of gravity, ie paradoxically without mass and, therefore, curvature. However, it is critical to get the Einstein equations of curvature equivalent to accelerated space, so Einstein defended this principle throughout his life, an issue that Einsteinian relativists have continued. In this essay, the author goes beyond all previous considerations against this principle and demonstrates by a thought experiment that such equivalence is false.

Published by Journal of Advances in Physics

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However that from the formulation of general relativity it has a scientific theory of gravity, due to its strong link with spacetime, as it is only defined operationally, as before happened in the physics of Newton with it , gravity and other variables, it lacks of a physical concept on it. Therefore, the philosophy of science via theories of relationalism and substantivalism define spacetime . As to relationism spacetime is nothing, only is valid the definition of substantialism, that preserves Newtonian tradition by cons**Gravity definetely is not a phenomenon of spacetime, but a quantum phenomenon.**ider it an immaterial substance, a metaphysical object. Then metaphysics via super- substatialism reduces everything to spacetime and, of course , matter is nothing . But this theory is rigorously exact with the Einstein's vision of the world, since he geometrizes physics.

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Current relativistic paradigm, since its origin, presents a anomaly structural and two internal anomalies,

from special relativity concerning to metaphysical spacetime and from general relativity concerning to gravity as curvature of

metaphysical spacetime.

Published by Journal of Modern Physics

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Gravity definitely is not a phenomenon of spacetime, but a quantum phenomenon.

Published by Journal of Avances in Physics

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Robert Shuler of NASA, Alfonso Guillen, Professors Antonio Alfonso-Faus, Stam Nicolis, Norbert Straumann, Charles Francis,

and Erkki Brandas intervene

The principle strong of equivalence (EEP) is valid where there is no curvature (Einstein). Where there is curvature is

impossible of eliminate it therefore EEP is not apply (Logunov). And where there is no curvature EEP is false (author).

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The theories of the special relativity and general relativity, as the theory of Galilee-Newton, also the predecessor theories,

reduce motion elements to mobile and spacetime. In this paper, we present the medium as the third motion element and we

analize its consequences in the theory of spacetime.

Contributed to MG14-ICRA Rome, University "La Sapienza" - Fourteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting, July 12-18, 2015

Published by International Journal of Modern Physics and Applications. Vol. 1, No. 5. December 20, 2015

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This work was presented in La Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

** It is believed that General Relativity is a theory of gravity unlike gravity of Newton considered as his equations but**

** the current consensus is that Einstein's gravity is also the Einstein-Grossmann equations. Therefore, truly it lacks**

** of a gravity theory. **

Contributed to MG14-ICRA Rome, University "La Sapienza" - Fourteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting, July 12-18, 2015

** Published by Journal of Advances in Physics. Vol. 11, No. 3. November 26, 2015**

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This work was presented in La Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

In Rome, in July 2015, MG14-ICRA, the astrophysicists Eduard Mychelkin and Maxim Makukov, of the Fesenkov

Astrophysical Institute of the Republic of Kazakhstan, presented their remarkable reflection on the superluminal neutrino

due its invariance helicity.

**Published by Journal of Applied Physical Science International. ISSN No. : 2395-5260 (Print), 2395-5279**

** (Online), Vol.: 6, Issue.: 3**, March 25, 2016

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On February 11, 2016, the LIGO Scientific Collaboration announced that they had first detection, occurred on September 14, 2015 at 5:51 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (09:51 UTC), of gravitational waves from a pair of merging black holes, by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. They say that are waves of the fabric of spacetime, therefore, interpreting them according to Substantivalism, one conventional philosophical conception in dispute with Relationalism. Those waves detected by LIGO truly are quadru-polar transverse mechanical quantum waves of quantum vacuum.

Accepted by Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) 27 May 2016

Accepted by Wulfenia Journal 2 June 2016

Accepted by Jokull Journal 8 September 2016

The quantum vacuum is a invisible bosonic medium, elastic, gifted of inertia, subject to the superposition principle of

Bose-Einstein, a viscous fluid that permeates totally the universe. The quantum vacuum is the main form of the existence of the

matter, therefore, that gravitationally it interacts with itself and with all other forms. Probably, with a equivalent of 26.8% of dark

matter and 68% of dark energy of the total mass-energy of the universe. The quantum vacuum is the source of dark matter

and dark enegy.

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In this work it shows that principle of equivalence applies really to punctual and extended gravity, gravity is defined as effect of

change of coordinates although in the case of the extended gravity with change of geometry from Minkowski´s spacetime to Lorentz´s manifold; and the gravitational motion is the geodesic motion that well it can declare as the general law of gravity.

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